Kansas Education Resource Center

 

Grade  :  Grade 7
Content Area  :  Writing, Approved 2004

1 Writing
The student writes effectively for a variety of audiences, purposed, and contexts.
1.1 The student writes narrative text using the writing process.
1.1.1 The student understands and develops a focused written piece that includes plot elements. (e.g. initiating event, rising and falling action, climax, conflict, setting, character development resolution) (Idea and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,
1.1.2 The student uses (1) personal experience (2) observations (3) prior knowledge in written text. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.3 The student clarifies the main ideas by selecting relevant details that enrich the central theme or storyline. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.4 The student analyzes and understands implications of plagiarism. (e.g. ethical, legal) (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.5 The student understands and independently uses appropriate strategies to generate narrative text. (e.g. brainstorming, listing, webbing, working in pairs or in cooperative groups and identifying information from print sources) (Organization: prewriting, d
1.1.6 The student writes a piece with an inviting introduction, appropriate body, and satisfying conclusion that leaves the reader with a sense of resolution. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.7 The student selects transitions to connect ideas within and between paragraphs in the writing piece. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.8 The student selects original and compelling vocabulary and/or figurative language appropriate for the purposes and audience. (Voice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.9 The student selects words that are suitable and precise, which create appropriate imagery. (e.g. explicit nouns, vivid verbs, natural modifiers) (Voice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.10 The student includes vocabulary particulate to the topic and provides ease of understanding. (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.11 The student varies sentence structures and lengths. (e.g. simple, compound, complex) (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.12 The student develops a variety of sentence beginnings that build upon previous sentence to guide the reader from one sentence to another. (Sentence Fluency: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.13 The student identifies and avoids writing sentence fragments. (Sentence Fluency: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.14 The student writes using effective dialogue that sounds conversational and natural. (Sentence Fluency: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.15 The student demonstrates correct use of mechanics and punctuation. (e.g. semi-colon, colon, underlying, italics, and centered titles) (Conventions: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.16 The student uses correct grammar and usage for clarity. (Conventions: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.17 The student spells familiar and most unfamiliar words correctly and uses available resources. (e.g. dictionary, spell check) (Conventions: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.1.18 The student uses correct paragraph divisions to reinforce the organizational structure of the text. (Conventions: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2 The student writes expository text using the writing process.
1.2.1 The student develops one main idea and/or a thesis statement in response to a prompt. (Ideas and Content; prewriting, drafting, revising; N,E,T,P)
1.2.2 The student clarifies the main idea by selecting logical, accurate, and helpful details. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.3 The student uses (1) personal experience (2) observations (3) prior knowledge (4) research to provide information using an appropriate point of view for the piece. (e.g. 3rd person pronouns in research) (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising:
1.2.4 The student expresses information in own words and uses explicit techniques to appeal to the backgrounds and interests of the audience. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.5 The student analyzes and understands implications of plagiarism. (e.g. ethical, legal) (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.6 The student cites references for all information used or reproduced from and source. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.7 The student constructs a bibliography with author, title, publisher, year, Web site name and address, and copyright date. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.8 The student understands and independently uses appropriate strategies to generate expository text. (e.g. brainstorming, listing, webbing, working in pairs or in cooperative groups and identifying information from print sources) (Organization: prewriting,
1.2.9 The student writes a complete piece that contains an engaging introduction, a developed body that provides information, and a conclusion that reinforces the thesis statement and leaves the reader with a sense of completion. (Organization: prewriting, dra
1.2.10 The student arranges information within each paragraph in a logical and effective sequence to meet the informational needs of the reader. (typically 5-8 sentences) (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.11 The student selects appropriate transitions to connect ideas within and between paragraphs. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.12 The student selects original and compelling vocabulary and/or figurative language to inform the reader. (Voice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.13 The student selects words and phrases that are suitable and precise that create appropriate imagery. (e.g. vivid verbs, explicit nouns, natural modifiers) (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.14 The student defines and uses specialized vocabulary particular to the subject/topic and provides ease of understanding. (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.15 The student varies sentence structures and lengths (e.g. simple, compound, complex) and makes the reading pleasant and natural. (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.16 The student develops a variety of sentence beginnings that builds upon previous sentences and guides the reader from one sentence to another. (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.17 The student identifies and avoids writing sentence fragments. (Sentence Fluency: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.18 The student demonstrates correct use of mechanics and punctuation. (e.g. use of semi-colons, colons, underlining, italics, and centered titles) (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.19 The student uses correct grammar and usage fro clarity. (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.20 The student spells familiar and most unfamiliar words correctly and uses available resources. (e.g. dictionary, spell check) (Conventions: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.2.21 The student uses correct paragraph divisions to reinforce the organizational structure of the text. (Conventions: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3 The student writes technical text using the writing process.
1.3.1 The student develops a technical text focused on one main purpose. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.2 The student clarifies the main idea by selecting concise, logical details that are accurate and helpful. (ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.3 The student analyzes and understands implications of plagiarism. (e.g. ethical, legal) (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.4 The student cites references fro all information used or reproduced from any source. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.5 The student constructs a bibliography with author, title, publisher, year, Web site name and address, and copyright date. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.6 The student understands and independently uses appropriate strategies to generate technical text. (e.g. brainstorming, listing, webbing, working in pairs or cooperative groups, identifying information from print sources) (Organization: prewriting, draftin
1.3.7 The student arranges information within each paragraph, list, or graphic in a logical and effective sequence to meet the reader's informational needs. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.8 The student writes a complete piece with a useful introduction, a sequential body, and an appropriate conclusion. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.9 The student selects appropriate transitions to connect ideas within the piece. (e.g. enumerated list, bullets, headings, subheadings, simple outlining elements) (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.10 The student writes with an awareness of purpose and audience. (e.g. letters, reports, directions, graphics, charts, maps, tables, brochures, electronic presentation, newsletters, job searches, memos, e-mails) (Voice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,
1.3.11 The student writes with authority so the voice is not distracting. (Voice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.12 The student selects words that convey the writer's message plainly and concisely. (e.g. technical terms, jargon) (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.13 The student selects words appropriate for the intended task/format. (e.g. persuasive, if persuading: informational, if informing, etc.) (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.14 The student writes compact sentences or phrases that make the point clear. (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.15 The student demonstrates correct use of mechanics and punctuation. (e.g. semi-colons, colons, underlining, italics, quotations marks, centered titles) (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.16 The student uses correct grammar and usage for clarity. (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.17 The student spells familiar and most unfamiliar words correctly uses available resources. (e.g. dictionary, spell check) (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.3.18 The student uses graphic devices that are supportive of the text. (e.g. charts, graphs and/or illustrations) (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: T)
1.4 The student writes persuasive text using the writing process.
1.4.1 The student composes a thesis statement bases upon an opinion or belief. (Ideas and Content; prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.2 The student uses (1) personal experience (2) observations (3) prior knowledge (4) research important for the reader to reach a conclusion and use an appropriate point of view for the piece. (e.g. 1st person in editorial) (Ideas and Content: prewriting, re
1.4.3 The student develops details to expand the main topic and to support the writer's position. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.4 The student anticipates the reader's question(s) and provides balance with a counter-argument. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.5 The student practices building a focused argument that utilizes logical thinking. (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.6 The student analyzes and understands implications of plagiarism. (e.g. ethical, legal) (Ideas and Content: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.7 The student understands and independently uses appropriate strategies to generate persuasive text. (e.g. brainstorming, listing, webbing, working in pairs or cooperative groups, identifying information from print sources) (Organization: prewriting, drafti
1.4.8 The student writes a complete piece that contains an engaging introduction, a body that reinforces the reader's position and a conclusion that reinforces the thesis statement and the original proposition. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E
1.4.9 The student arranges information within each paragraph in a logical and effective sequence to persuade the reader. (typically 5-8 sentences) (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.10 The student selects appropriate transitions to connect ideas within and between paragraphs. (Organization: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.11 The student selects vocabulary and figurative language that conveys a particular tone and personality. (Voice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.12 The student uses language that is appropriate for persuasive writing and easy for the audience to understand. (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.13 The student practices using words that are suitable, precise, and create imagery. (e.g. precise nouns, powerful verbs, vivid modifiers) (Word Choice: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.14 The student varies sentence structures and lengths making the reading pleasant and natural. (e.g. simple, compound, complex) (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.15 The student develops a variety of sentence beginnings that build upon previous sentences and guides the reader from one sentence to another. (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising; N,E,T,P)
1.4.16 The student identifies and avoids writing sentence fragments. (Sentence Fluency: drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.17 The student writes convincing dialogue. (Sentence Fluency: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.18 The student demonstrates correct use of mechanics and punctuation. (semi-colons, colons, underlining, italics, and centered titles) (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.19 The student uses correct grammar and usage for clarity. (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.20 The student spells familiar and most unfamiliar word correctly utilizing available resources. (e.g. dictionary, spell check) (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)
1.4.21 The student uses correct paragraph division to reinforce the organizational structure of the text. (Conventions: prewriting, drafting, revising: N,E,T,P)